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Free Front End Loader VOC (Verification of Competency)

Download our free Front End Loader VOC:

*For internal use only. Not for resale or redistribution. By downloading, you agree to our Free Resources Licensing Agreement.

Front End Loader VOC

Purpose of Document

Front End Loader VOCs are used to verify a worker’s competence in Front End Loader use. The primary goal is to protect workers from injury or illness through effective training and competency procedures. This form is broadly aligned with AS45001:2018.

How to Use

This Front End Loader VOC should be completed by a competent person in consultation with the trainee who will use the plant. This document is a template only and should be customised for your business.

When to Use

Front End Loader VOCs should be completed prior to the worker operating plant or equipment within your business.

Who Should Use

Front End Loader VOCs must be completed by someone who is familiar with operation of the piece of plant or equipment. This person should also be competent in training and assessment methods.

Legal Considerations

There is no specific legal requirement to complete a documented Verification of Competency (VOC). However, it is best practice, especially for larger companies. It can help meet general legal duties, including:

  • s(19)(3)c WHS Act – Duty to Provide Safe Systems of Work
  • s(19)(3)d WHS Act – Duty to Ensure Safe Use of Plant
  • s(19)(3)f WHS Act – Duty to Provide Adequate Information, Training, Instruction and Supervision
  • s(203) WHS Regulations – Management of Risks to Health and Safety (PCBUs with management or control of plant)

The Code of Practice “Managing risks of plant in the workplace” states that employers (PCBUs) must ensure workers are trained and have the appropriate skills to carry out a particular task safely.


What is a front-end loader?

A front end loader is heavy equipment with a shovel-like bucket used in construction and landscaping to scoop, lift, and transport materials such as soil and debris for various tasks like loading trucks and leveling terrain.

What is a front-end loader used for?

A front end loader is heavy equipment used for lifting, scooping, and transporting materials like soil and debris in construction, agriculture, and mining. It features a large bucket at the front for efficient loading and handling tasks.

What hazards are involved in front-end loader use?

Many hazards exist in front end loader operation, for example:

  • Rollover/Tipping Over
  • Struck-By Accidents
  • Pinching/Crushing
  • Injuries Falls
  • Collisions
  • Exposure to Hazardous Materials

To mitigate these hazards, proper training, adherence to safety protocols, regular equipment maintenance, use of personal protective equipment (PPE), and thorough site inspections are essential.

Do you need a license to operate a front-end loader?

Legally, you only require a license to operate “high-risk plant” (usually). For other types of plant or equipment, the level of training provided should be suitable considering “the nature of the work, the nature of the risks and the control measures required” – WHS regulations s(39). That is, for plant that poses no or minimal risks, there may be very little training required. As the risks of the plant increases, the requirement for training also increases.

To demonstrate competence in front-end loader operation, workers can complete the RTO unit

Did You Know?

Front end loaders are a heavy equipment machine commonly used in construction, agriculture, and mining. The concept of the front end loader dates back to the early 20th century, with numerous iterations and improvements over time. This versatile machine is equipped with a large bucket at the front that can be raised or lowered using hydraulic controls.

In Australia, front end loaders are widely utilized across various industries. They are pivotal in tasks such as loading and transporting materials, clearing debris, and excavating soil, significantly enhancing productivity and efficiency in numerous projects.

Article Sources and Further Reading

Model Code of Practice: Managing risks of plant in the workplace (Safe Work Australia) <>

Plant (Safe Work Australia) <>

What is a PCBU? (Spire Safety) <>

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